गुरुवार, फ़रवरी 25, 2010
बुधवार, फ़रवरी 24, 2010
शुक्रवार, फ़रवरी 19, 2010
पूर्णस्यपूर्णमादाय पूर्णमेवावशिष्यते ।।
This is the first verse of the Ishavasyopanishad (ईशावास्योपनिषद). The beauty of this verse is that in just two sentences it describes the essence of the Divine. It says -
"Aum Purnamadah Purnamidam Purnatpurnamudachyate
Purnasya Purnamadaya Purnamevavashishyati"
If one were to translate it word - to - word, it would mean -
Purnamadah - That is complete
Purnamidam - This is complete
Purnatpurnamudachyate - from what is complete comes out completeness
Purnasya purnamadaya purnamevavashisyati - If completeness were to be removed from completeness, what remains is again complete.
"That is complete; This is complete and completeness emerges forth from completeness.
If from completeness, completeness were to be removed, what remains is again complete."
What is 'That', that is complete? What is 'This', that is again complete? What is that 'completeness' from which 'completeness' emerges? and finally how does completeness remain when completeness is removed from completeness? Completely bewildering to us.
No wonder then, that India is the birthplace of Zero; for what is said about completeness in the above verse, definitely holds for zero as well - if you take away zero from itself, what remains is again zero!
गुरुवार, फ़रवरी 11, 2010
तयोरन्यः पिप्पलं स्वाद्वत्त्य नश्नन्नन्योऽभिचाकशीति ।।
"Two birds (सुपर्णा), eternal friends (सखाया) , inseparable (सयुजा), perched together on a Tree. The first one enjoys the fruit borne by the tree, while the other merely observes in silence."
The one that enjoys the fruit is Atman, the individual soul, while the one that observes is Paramatman. They both, inseparable friends that they are, are perched on the Peepal Tree, which represents Prakriti. The one that performs Action is the individual soul, the Atman. Having acted, it enjoys the fruits of the Act. Paramatman merely watches. Paramatman neither performs Action nor enjoys subsequently the fruits of the Act.
This verse brings out the relation between the three components of the Eternal Triad. Atman and Paramatman are joined together in a relationship of eternal friendship as allegorically stated in the phrase - सयुजा सखाया. While the former performs actions and enjoys the fruit of his actions, the later merely enjoys in being the Silent Witness to the Acts of Atman. Atman interacts with Prakriti whereas Paramatman remains aloof, merely observing.